Dr. Winston C. Hackett’s arrival in Phoenix in 1916 wasn’t just a godsend for black patients who were often denied medical care in the segregated city – it was also a blessing for whites with socially stigmatized ailments.
A native of Tyler, Texas and graduate of Meharry Medical College in Tennessee, Hackett specialized in obstetrics. With the assistance of his wife, Ayra, he practiced medicine and delivered newborns in their home for five years. After unsuccessfully lobbying for the creation of an African-American community hospital, he purchased the residence of former Territorial Governor Joseph Kibbey and opened the private Booker T. Washington Memorial Hospital at 1342 E. Jefferson St. in 1921. Initially, the hospital had only a few beds, each arranged on the home’s screened porch, but soon expanded to three adjoining lots, where six cottages were built for tuberculosis patients. Hackett opened a pharmacy nearby and recruited black nurses from Southern schools to join his staff.
In 1927, the Arizona Republican called it “the finest and most completely equipped hospital owned and devoted to the welfare of colored people west of the Mississippi.” But Hackett’s 25-bed medical center served other races, too – people seeking more affordable health care and those who needed clandestine treatment for sexually transmitted diseases. Because of unpaid bills and Hackett’s failing eyesight, the hospital closed in 1943, reopening as the Winston Inn to accommodate black servicemen during World War II. Dr. Hackett died in 1949 at the age of 67, but his legacy lives on. “I still meet people who my father delivered,” says his daughter, 95-year-old Winstona Aldridge, who still lives in her father’s old hospital-home on Jefferson Street.
The Lincoln Legacy
North Phoenix owes two of its hospitals, a street name, a resort, and much of its community spirit to one visionary man. ...
‘Cue the Right Thing
Bill Johnson’s Big Apple might have looked redneck, but the western restaurant was a welcoming haven for all colors in Phoenix’s segregated ‘60s. ...
Dr. Kenneth Hall operated a Sunnyslope hospital with a primate zoo until unauthorized medical surgeries used to illegally finance a nearby bowling alley led to his downfall ...
Thirty years before Woodstock made his maiden landing on Snoopy’s belly, a cat named Krazy was dodging bricks in a pioneering newspaper comic strip. ...
Five years after folding, Jay Newton’s Beef Eaters lives on in the memories of Phoenicians. But how long will the barren building survive? The Beef Eaters restaurant sits frozen in time along the information superhighway. Closed for years, the CenPho...